ITALIAN CAR COMPANIES
HISTORY

Italian car companies header bg
Enrico Bernardi
Verona, 20 May 1841 – Turin, 21 February 1919

Enrico Zeno Bernardi (Verona, 20 May 1841 – Turin, 21 February 1919) was an Italian engineer and one of Italian automobile pioneers. He was Professor of Hydraulic and Agricultural Machinery at the University of Padua. In 5 August 1882 he prototyped the “Motrice Pia”, the first petrol combustion engine (one cylinder, 122,5 cc), almost at the same time as German Karl Benz.[1] The engine was fitted to his son's tricycle in 1884. A company called Miari and Giusti in Padova started produtction of Bernardi's engines and cars in 1896, soon the company was taken over by Società Italiana Bernardi and it finally stopped production in 1901. After the withdrawal from academic life he moved to Turin in 1917, where he died two years later. Bernardi was later honoured by many ways, museum of vintage cars (Museo delle Macchine "Enrico Bernardi") was opened in Padua.
Enrico BernardiEnrico Bernardi
Verona, 20 May 1841 – Turin, 21 February 1919
Video: "Veturetta", Enrico Bermardi 1894
Enrico Bernardi  Fiat 3½HP (1899) is the first model of car produced by Fiat.
Fiat 3½HP (1899) is the first model of car produced by Fiat.
Enrico Bernardi links:
Wikipedia: Enrico Bernardi

Car Companies in Italy

The automobile industry in Italy (formerly the vehicle industry in Italy) is a quite large employer in the country, with a labour force of over 196,000 (2004) working in the industry.Italy is the 5th largest automobile producer in Europe (2006). Today the Italian automotive industry is almost totally dominated by Fiat Group, in 2001 over 90% of vehicles were produced by it. Italian automotive part industry covered over 2,131 firms and employed almost 250,000 people in 2006. Italy's automotive industry is best known of its automobile designs and small city cars, sports and supercars. The automotive industry makes a significant contribution of 8.5% to Italian GDP.

The beginnings - Italian Car Companies

The automobile industry in Italy started little bit later than in France, the Stefanini-Martina of 1896 is thought of as the foundation of the industry. Enrico Bernardi built petrol fuelled tri-cycle car in 1884. Fiat SpA was founded in 1899 and built its first car in same year the 3½HP (or 4HP) with a 679 cc engine and capable of 35 km/h (22 mph). The Isotta Fraschini was founded in 1900 assembling first Renault models. Soon the automobile industry was getting bigger and many companies were founded: Zust,Lancia, Aquila Italiana, Diatto, Itala, SPA and Società Anonima Italiana Darracq.
Isotta-Fraschini -Italian Car Company
Founded: Milan, Italy 1900, Founders: Cesare Isotta, Vincenzo Fraschini, Oreste Fraschini, Antonio Fraschini, Headquarters: Milan, Italy

IIsotta Fraschini represents two Italian manufacturing companies which produce, respectively, marine engines and luxury goods. In the early 20th century it was famous worldwide as a luxury car manufacturer.

Video: Isotta-Fraschini
Isotta-Fraschini
Isotta-Fraschini
Milan, Italy 1900
Lancia - Italian Car Company
Founded: November 29 1906, Founder: Vincenzo Lancia, Headquarters:Turin, Italy

Lancia Automobiles S.p.A. (Italian pronunciation: [ˈlantʃa]) is an Italian automobile manufacturer founded in 1906 by Vincenzo Lancia and which became part of the Fiat Group in 1969. The company has a long history of producing distinctive cars and also has a strong rally heritage. Modern Lancias are seen as presenting a more luxurious alternative to the models in the Fiat range upon which they are based. One of the firm's trademarks is the use of letters of the Greek alphabet as the names of its models. The Lancia CEO is Olivier François..
Video: Lancia history
Vincenzo Lancia
Vincenzo Lancia
Fobello August 24, 1881 – Turin February 15, 1937
Maserati - Italian Car Company
Founded: 1 December 1914 Bologna, Faunders: Maserati Brothers, Headquarters: Modena, Italy

Maserati is an Italian manufacturer of racing cars and sports cars, established on December 1, 1914, in Bologna.[3] The company's headquarters are now in Modena, and its emblem is a trident. It has been owned by the Italian car giant Fiat S.p.A. since 1993. Inside the Fiat Group, Maserati was initially associated with Ferrari S.p.A., but more recently it has become part of the sports car group including Alfa Romeo.
MAserati logotip
Maserati logo
Maserati Brothers
Maserati Brothers
arlo maserati
Carlo Masetati
Voghera, 1881 - 1910
Video: Maserati
Alfa Romeo - Italian Car Company
Founded: 24 June 1910 in Milan, Italy, Faunders: Alexandre Darracq/Ugo Stella Nicola Romeo, Headquarters: Turin, Italy

Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A. is an Italian automaker founded on June 24, 1910 in Milan.[2] Alfa Romeo has been a part of the Fiat Group since 1986,[3] and since February 2007 a part of Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A. The company was owned by Italian state holding company Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale between the end of 1932 to 1986. The company was originally known as A.L.F.A., which is an acronym for Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili (English: Lombard Automobile Factory, Public Company).

Video: Alfa Romeo models
Nicola Romeo
Nicola Romeo
28 April 1876 - 15 August 1938
Ferrari - Italian Car Company
Founded: 1947, Founder: Enzo Ferrari, Headquarters: Enzo Ferrari

Ferrari S.p.A. is an Italian sports car manufacturer based in Maranello, Italy. Founded by Enzo Ferrari in 1928 as Scuderia Ferrari, the company sponsored drivers and manufactured race cars before moving into production of street-legal vehicles in 1947 as Ferrari S.p.A.. Throughout its history, the company has been noted for its continued participation in racing, especially in Formula One, where it has enjoyed great success.
Enzo Ferrari young
Enzo Ferrari
February 20, 1898 – August 14, 1988
Enzo Ferrari
Enzo Ferrari
February 20, 1898 – August 14, 1988
Ferrari logoFerrari logo
Lamborghini - Italian Car Company
Founded: October 30, 1963, Founder: Ferruccio Lamborghini, Headquarters: Sant'Agata Bolognese, Italy

Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A., commonly referred to as Lamborghini (pronounced [lamˈborɡini] ( listen)), is an Italian sports car manufacturer, based in the small township of Sant'Agata Bolognese. Founded by industrialist Ferruccio Lamborghini in 1963, the company has achieved widespread recognition for its sleek, exotic designs, and its cars have become symbols of performance and wealth. Despite its fame, the automaker has endured a troubled history and has changed ownership a number of times, most recently becoming a subsidiary of German car manufacturer Audi AG, itself a subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group, in 1998.
Ferruccio Lamborghini
Ferruccio Lamborghini
April 28, 1916 – February 20, 1993
Lamborghini logo
Lamborghini logo
Fiat - Italian Car Company
Founded: 11 July 1899 in Turin, Italy, Founder: Giovanni Agnelli, Headquarters: Turin, Italy

Fiat S.p.A., an acronym for Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino (English: Italian Automobile Factory of Turin), is an Italian automobile manufacturer, engine manufacturer, financial and industrial group based in Turin in the Piedmont region. Fiat was founded in 1899 by a group of investors including Giovanni Agnelli. Fiat has also manufactured tanks and aircrafts. As of 2009, Fiat is the world's 6th largest carmaker as well as Italy's largest carmaker. Fiat-based cars are constructed all around the world, with the largest number produced outside Italy being built in Brazil (best seller). It also has factories in Argentina and Poland. Fiat has a long history of licensing its products to other countries regardless of local political or cultural persuasion. Joint venture operations are found in Italy, France, Turkey, India, Serbia and Russia. Agnelli's grandson Gianni Agnelli was Fiat chairman from 1966 until his death on 24 January 2003; from 1996, though, he only served as an "honorary" chairman, while Cesare Romiti served as chairman. After their removal, Paolo Fresco served as chairman and Paolo Cantarella as CEO. Umberto Agnelli then took over as chairman from 2002 to 2004. After Umberto Agnelli's death on 28 May 2004, Luca Cordero di Montezemolo was named chairman, but Agnelli heir John Elkann became vice chairman at age 28 and other family members are on the board. At this point, CEO Giuseppe Morchio immediately offered his resignation. Sergio Marchionne was named to replace him on 1 June 2004.

Video: History of Fiat
Giovanni Agnelli
Giovanni Agnelli
13 August 1866 – 16 December 1945
Fiat logo
Fiat logo

List of Italian Car Companies
(Brands)

Website: www.lancia.com
Auto Catalog: Lancia
Wikipedia link: Lancia
Website: www.alfaromeo.com
Auto Catalog: Alfa Romeo
Wikipedia link: Alfa Romeo
Website: www.maserati.com
Auto Catalog: Maserati
Wikipedia link: Maserati
Website: www.ferrari.com
Auto Catalog: Ferrari
Wikipedia link: Ferrari
Website: www.lamborghini.com
Auto Catalog: Lamborghini
Wikipedia link: Lamborghini
Lancia logo
Alfa romeo logo
Maserati logo
Ferrari logo
Lamborghini logo